122 Studies from 1960s to Present: Relationship Between Abortion and Premature Births


1 Barsy G, Sarkany J. Impact of induced abortion on the birth rate and infant mortality. Demografia 1963;6:427-467.

2 Miltenyi K. On the effects of induced abortion. Demografia 1964;7:73-87.

3 Furusawa Y, Koya Y. The Influence of artificial abortion on delivery. In: Koya Y, ed. Harmful effects of induced abortion. Tokyo: Family Planning Federation of Japan,1966:74-83.

4 Arvay A, Gorgey M, Kapu L. La relation entre les avortements (interruptions de la grossesse) et les accouchements prematures. Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet 1967;62:81-86


5 Drac P, Nekvasilova Z. Premature termination of pregnancy after previous interruption of pregnancy. Cesk Gynekol 1970;35: 332-333.

6 Dolezal A, Andrasova V, Tittlbachova S, et al. Interruption of pregnancy and their relation to premature labous and hyptrophic foetuses. Cesk Gynekol 1970:36:331

7 Pantelakis SN, Papadimitriou GC, Doxiadis SA.Influence of induced and spontaneous abortions on the outcome of subsequent pregnancies. Amer J Obstet Gynecol. 1973;116: 799-805.

!!8 Van Der Slikke JW, Treffers PE. Influence of induced abortion on gestational duration in subsequent pregnancies. BMJ 1978;1: 270-272 [>95% confident of preterm risk for gestation less than 32.0 weeks].

9 Richardson JA, Dixon G. Effect of legal termination on subsequent pregnancy. British Med J 1976;1:1303-1304.

+10 Papaevangelou G, Vrettos AS, Papadatos D, Alexiou C. The Effect of Spontaneous and Induced Abortion on Prematurity and Birthweight. The J Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Commonwealth. May 1973;80:418-422.

+11 Bognar Z, Czeizel A. Mortality and Morbidity Associated with Legal Abortions in Hungary, 1960-1973. AJPH 1976;66:568-575.

12 Grindel B, Lubinski H, Voigt M. Induced abortion in primigravidae and subsequent pregnancy, with particular attention of underweight. Zentralbl Gynaekol 1979;101:1009-1114.

+13 Obel E, et al. Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortion With Special Reference to Abortion Technique. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1979;58:147-152.

14 World Health Organization Task Force on the Sequelae of Abortion. Gestation, birthweight and spontaneous abortion. Lancet 1979;1:142-145.

15 Ratten G et al. Effect of Abortion on Maturity of Subsequent Pregnancy. Med J Australia June 1979: 479-480.

16 Roht LH, Aoyama H, Leinen GE, et al. The association of multiple induced abortions with subsequent prematurity and spontaneous abortion. Acta Obstet Gynaecol Jpn 1976;23: 140-145.

17 Harlap S, Davies AM. Late sequelae of induced abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor. Amer J Epidemiology 1975;102:219-224.

18 Koller O, Eikhom SN. Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion in Primigravidae. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1977;56:311-317.

19 Lean TH, Hogue CJR, Wood J. Low birth weight after induced abortion in Singapore, Presented at the 105th Annual Meeting of the Americal Public Health Association, Washington DC, Oct. 31, 1977.

20 World Health Organization. Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction: Seventh Annual Report, Geneva, Nov. 1978.

21 Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Perinatalishalazons. Budapest: Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 1972.

22 Czeizel A, Bognar Z, Tusnady G, et al. Changes in mean birth weight and proportion of low-weight births in Hungary. Br J Prev Soc Med 1970;24:146-153.

23 Dziewulska W. Abortion in the past versus the fate of the subsequent pregnancy. State of the newborn. Ginekol Pol 1973;44:1143-1148 [Poland].

24 Kaminski M, Goujard J, Rumeau-Roquette. Prediction of low birthweight and prematurity by a multiple regression analysis with maternal characterisitics known since the beginning of the pregnancy. Intl J Epidem 1973;2:195-204

25 Chabada J, Pontuch A, Sutta I, Pohlova G. Interruptions of gravidity as a cause of premature labour Cesk Gynekol 1974;49(5):329-330

26 Fredrick J. Antenatal identification of women at high risk of spontaneous preterm birth. BJOG 1976;83:351-354

27 Pohanka O, Balogh B, Rutkovszky M. The impact of abortion on the birth weight of newborns. Orb Hetil 1975;116:1983-1989

28 Mikolas M. The effect of the legalization of abortion on public health and some of its social concomitants in Hungary. Demografia 1973;16:70-113

29 Link M, Wichmann A. Pregnancy in adolescents. Zentrabl Gynekol 1976;98(11):682-689

30 Knarre P. Influence of abortions and interruptions of pregnancy in subsequent deliveries. II Cause of labor. Zentrabl Gynekol 1976;98(10):591-594

31 Kreiblich H, Ehring E. Zentralfl Gynokol 1978;100(19):1254-1260

32 Macku F, Rokytova V, Titmann O. Artificial Interruption of Pregnancy in Primigravidae as a risk factor in future pregnancies. Cesk Gynekol 1978;43(5):340-343

33 Zwahr C, Coigt M, Kunz L, Thielemann F, Lubinski H. Multidimensional investigations to elucidate relationships between case histories of interrupted pregnancies and premature deliveries and low birth weight. Zentrabl Gynekol 1979;101(23):1502-1509


34 Zwahr C, Voigt M, Kunz L, et al. Relationships between interruption abortion, and premature birth and low birth weight. Zentrabl Gynaekol 1980;102:738-747.

35 Kreibich H, Ludwig A. Early and late complications of abortion in juvenile primigravidae (including recommended measures). Z Aerztl Fortbild (Jena) 1980;74:311-316.

!!+36 Levin A, Schoenbaum S, Monson R, Stubblefield P, Ryan K. Association of Abortion With Subsequent Pregnancy Loss. JAMA 1980;243(24):2495-2499

37 Legrillo V. Quickenton P, Therriault GD, et al. Effect of induced abortion on subsequent reproductive function. Final report to NICHD. Albany, NY: New York State Health Department, 1980.

38 Slater PE, Davies AM, Harlap S. The Effect of Abortion Method on the Outcome of Subsequent Pregnancy. J Reprod Med 1981;28:123-128.

39 Lerner RC, Varma AO. Prospective study of the outcome of pregnancy subsequent to previous induced abortion. Final report, Contract no. (N01-HD-62803). New York: Downstate Medical Center, SUNY, January 1981.

+40 Berkowitz GS. An Epidemiologic Study of Preterm Delivery. American J Epidemiology 1981;113:81-92.

41 Lampe LG, Ratar I, Bernard PP, et al. Effects of smoking and of induced abortion on pregnancy outcome. IPPF Med Bull 1981;15:3

42 Schoenbaum LS, Monson RR. No association between coffee consumption and adverse outcomes of pregnancy. N Engl J Med 1982;306:141-145

43 Pompe-Tansek NM, Andolsek L, Tekovcic B. Jugosl Ginekol Opstet Sept.-Dec. 1982;22(5-6):118-120

+44 Puyenbroek J, Stolte L. The relationship between spontaneous and induced abortions and the occurrence of second-trimester abortion in subsequent pregnancies. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1983;14:299-309 [this is the only study in this entire list that uses second-trimester miscarriage as a surrogate for PTB risk].

45 Zwahr C, Voigt M. The effect of various parameters on the incidence of premature births. Zentralbl Gynakol 1983;105:1307-1312

46 Schuler D, Klinger A. Causes of low birth weight in Hungary. Acta Paediatrica Hungarica 1984;24:173-185

47 Pickering RM, Forbes J. Risk of preterm delivery and small-for-gestational age infants following abortion: a population study. British J Obstetrics and Gynecology 1985;92:1106-1112.

!!+48 Lumley J. Very low birth-weight (less than 1500g) and previous induced abortion: Victoria 1982-1983. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynecol 1986;26:268-272.

+49 Shiono PH, Lebanoff MA. Ethnic Differences and Very Preterm Delivery. Am J Public Health 1986;76:1317-1321.

50 Peterlin A Ardolsek L. The effect of induced abortion in adolescence on the manifestations of spontaneous abortion, premature abortion, and birth weight. Jugosl Ginekol Perinatol May-Aug 1986;26(3-4):49-52

51 Ross MG, Hobel CJ, Bragenier JR, Bear MB, Bemis RL. A simplified risk-scoring system for prematurity. Amer J Perinatology 1986;3:339-344

52 Lieberman E, Ryan KJ, Monson RR, Schoenbaum SC. Risk Factors Accounting For Racial Differences in the rate of premature birth. NEJM 1987;317:743-748.

53 Krasomski G, Gladysiak A, Krajerski J. Fate of subsequent pregnancies after induced abortion in primiparae. Wiad Lek 1 December 1987;40(23):1593-1595

54 Seidman DS, Ever-Hadani P, Slater PE, Harlap S, et al. Child-bearing after induced abortion: reassessment of risk. J Epidemiology Community Health 1988;42:294-298.

55 Zwahr, C, Neubert D,, Triebel U,Voight M, Kruppel KH. Correlation between some environmental, anamnestic and social markers of pregnant patients and the delivery of autotrophic premature and hypotrophic newborn infants. Zentralbl Gynakol 1988;110:479-487

!! +56 Mueller-Heubach E, Guzick DS. Evaluation of risk scoring in a preterm birth prevention study of indigent patients. Am J Obstetrics & Gyn 1989;160:829-837.


+57 Vasso L-K, Chryssa T-B, Golding J. Previous obstetric history and subsequent preterm delivery in Greece. European J Obstetrics & Gynecology Reproductive Biology 1990;37: 99-109. [ Study Population: Greek women ]

58 Li YJ, Zhou YS. study of factors associated with preterm delivery. Zhongjua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Chi. Aug 1990;11(4):229-234 [ Study Population: Chinese women ]

59 Harger JH, Hsing AW, Tuomala RE, Gibbs RS, et al. Risk factors for preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes: A multicenter case-control study. Am J Obstet Gynec 1990;163:130-137 [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

60 McGregor JA, French J, Richter R. Antenatal microbiologic and maternal risk factors associated with prematurity. Amer J Obstet Gynecol 1990;163:1465-1473 [Study Population: U.S. women ]

61 Pickering RM, Deeks JJ. Risks of Delivery during 20th to the 36th Week of Gestation. Intl. J Epidemiology 1991;20:456-466. [ Study Population: British women ]

!!+62*Zhang J, Savitz DA. Preterm Birth Subtypes among Blacks and Whites. Epidemiology 1992;3:428-433. [Study Population: U.S. women ]

63*Michielutte R, Ernest JM, Moore ML, Meis PJ, Sharp PC, Wells HB, Buescher PA. A Comparison of Risk Assessment Models for Term and Preterm Low Birthweight. Preventive Medicine 1992;21:98-109. [ Study Population: U.S.-women ]

64 Gong JH. Preterm delivery and its risk factors. Zhounghua Fu Chan Ke Za Chi Jan. 1992;27(1):22-24 [ Study Population: Chinese women ]

65 Mandelson MT, Maden CP, Daling JR. Low Birth Weight in Relation Multiple Induced Abortions. Am J Public Health 1992;82;391-394 [Note: More than a few authors refer to the ‘Mandelson’ study as NOT finding higher risk of Low Birth Weight for women with prior induced abortions; such authors should be checked for ‘seeing glasses’, since Mandelson et al found that women with ANY (i.e. 1, 2, 3, or more) prior induced abortions BEFORE a first delivery had SIGNIFICANTLY higher risk of low birthweight babies; so, you are invited to get a copy of the Mandelson study & read it yourself.] [Study Population: U.S. women ]

!!+66 Lumley J. The epidemiology of preterm birth. Bailliere’s Clin Obstet Gynecology. 1993;7(3):477-498 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

!!67 Algert C, Roberts C, Adelson P, Frammer M. Low birth weight in New South Wales, 1987: a Population-Based Study. Aust New Zealand J Obstet Gynaecol 1993;33:243-248 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

68 Ekwo EE, Grusslink CA, Moawad A. Previous pregnancy outcomes and subsequent risk of premature rupture of amniotic sac membranes. Brit J Obstet Gynecol 1993;100(6):536-541 [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

69 Lekea-Karanika V, Tzoumaka-Bangoula C. Past obstetric history of the mother and its association with low birth weight of a subsequent child: a population-based study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 1994;8:173-187 [ Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8047485 ; Study Population: Greek women ]S

70 Guinn D, Goldenberg RL, Hauth JC, Andrews WA et al. Risk factors for the development of preterm premature rupture of membranes after arrest of preterm labor. AJOG 1995;173 (4):1310-1315. [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

71 *Hillier SL, Nugent RP, Eschenbach DA, Krohn MA,et al. Association Between Bacterial Vaginosis And Preterm Delivery Of A Low-Birth-Weight Infant. NEJM 1995;333: 1737-1742. [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

72 Khalil AK, El-Amrawy SM, Ibrahim AG, et al. Pattern of growth and development of premature children at the age of two and three years in Alexandria, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 1995;1(2):186-193. [ Study Population: Egyptian women ]

73 Meis PJ, Michielutte R, Peters TJ, Wells HB. Factors associated with preterm birth in Cardiff, Wales. Amer J Obstet Gynecol 1995; 173:590-596 [Study Population: Welsh women ]

+74 Lang JM, Lieberman E, Cohen A. A Comparison of Risk Factors for Preterm Labor and Term Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth. Epidemiology 1996;7:369-376. [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

*75 Hagan R, Benninger H, Chiffings D. Evans S, French H. Very preterm birth – a regional study. Part 1: Maternal and obstetric factors. BJOG 1996;103:230-238 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

76 Chie-Pein Chen, Kuo-Gon Wang, Yuh-Cheng Yang, Lai-Chu See. Risk factors for preterm birth in an upper middle class Chinese population. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Bio 1996;70(1):53-59 [ Study population: Chinese women ]

*77 Jacobsen G, Schei B, Bakketeig LS. Prepregnant reproductive risk and subsequent birth outcome among Scandinavian parous women. Norsk Epidemiol 1997;7(1):33-39 [ Study Populations: Swedish women and Norwegian women ]

!!+78 Lumley J. The association between prior spontaneous abortion, prior induced abortion and preterm birth in first singleton births. Prenat Neonat Med 1998;3:21-24. [ Study Population: Australian women ]

!!+79 Martius JA, Steck T, Oehler MK, Wulf K-H. Risk factors associated with preterm (<37+0 weeks) and early preterm (<32+0 weeks): univariate and multi-variate analysis of 106 345 singleton births from 1994 statewide perinatal survey of Bavaria. European J Obstetrics & Gynecology Reproductive Biology 1998;80:183-189. [ Study Population: German women ]

80 Small Babies in Scotland A Ten Year Overview 1987-1996. Information and Statistics Division. The National Health Service in Scotland. Scottish Program for Clinical Effectiveness. Edinburgh 1998 ISBN 1-902076-07-9. [ Study Population: Scottish women ]

81 Lee KS, Lee WC, Meng KH, Lee Ch, Kim SP. Maternal Factors Associated with the Premature Rupture of Membrane in the Low BIrth Weight Infant Deliveries. Korean J Prev Med 1998;21(2): 207-216 [ Study Population: Korean women ]

!!+*82 Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles M-J, Renzo GCD, Papiernik E, Breart G. Very and moderate preterm births: are the risk factors different? British J Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1999;106:1162-1170. [ Study Population: Women in: Germany, Finland, France, Italy, Hungary, Ireland, The Netherlands, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, The Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia, Greece, Romania, Russia, and Turkey ]

!!+83 Zhou W, Sorenson HT, Olsen J. Induced Abortion and Subsequent Pregnancy Duration. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;94:948-953. [ Study Population: Danish women ]


84* Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles, Di Renzo GC, Papiernik E, Breart G. Social Differences of very preterm birth in Europe: interaction with obstetric history. American J Epi 1999;149(10):908-915. [ Study Population: Women in: Germany, Finland, France, Italy, Hungary, Ireland, The Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden, The Czech Republic, Poland, Spain, Slovenia, Greece, Romania, Russia, and Turkey ] 2000-2009

85 Foix-L’Helias L, Ancel PY, Blondel B. Changes in risk factors of preterm delivery in France between 1981 and 1995. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. Oct 2000;14(4): 314-323. [ Study Population: French women ]

86 Foix-L’Helias L, Ancel, Blondel B. Risk factors for prematurity in France and comparisons betweeen spontaneous prematurity and induced labor; results from the National Perinatal Survey 1995. J Gy necol Obstet Bio Reprod (Paris) Feb 2000;29(1);55-65 [ Study Population: French women ]

*87 Gardosi J, Francis A. Early Pregnancy predictors of preterm birth: the role of a prolonged menstruation-conception interval. BJOG 2000;107(2):228-237 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

88 Bettiol H, Rona RJ, Chin S, Goldani M, Barberi M. Risk Factors Associated with preterm births in Southeast Brazil: a comparison of two birth cohorts born 15 years apart. Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiol 2000;14(1):30-38 [Study Population: Brazilian women ]

89 Ancel PY, Saurel-Cubizolles M-J, Renzo GCD, Papiernik E, Breast G. Risk factors for 14-21 week abortions: a case-control study in Europe. Human Reproduction 2000;15(11):2426-2432 [ Study Population: French women ]

90 Letamo G, Majelantle RG. Factors Influencing Low Birth Weight and Prematurity in Botswana. J Biosoc Sci 2001;33(3):391-403 [ Study Population: women in Botswana ]

91 Henriet L, Kaminski M. Impact of induced abortions on subsequent pregnancy outcome: the 1995 French national perinatal survey. BJOG 2001;108(10):1036-1042 [ Study Population: French women ]

92 Grimmer I, Buhrer C, Dudenhausen JW. Preconceptional factors associated with very low birth weight delivery: a case control study. BMC Public Health 2002; 2:10 [Study Population: German women].

93 Balaka B, Boeta S, Aghere AD, Boko K, Kessie K, Assimadi K. Risk factors associated with prematurity at the University of Lme, Togo. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Nov 2002;95(4):280-283 [ Study Population: women in Togo ]

94 Han WH, Chen LM, Li CY. Incidences of and Predictors for Preterm Births and Low Birth Weight Infants in Taiwan. Chinese Electronic Periodical Services 2003:131-141 [Study Population: Taiwanese women ]

95 El-Bastawissi AY, Sorensen TK, Akafomo CK, Frederick IO, Xiao R, Williams MA. History of Fetal Loss and Other Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Relation to Subsequent Risk of Preterm Delivery. Maternal Child Health J 2003;7(1):53-58 [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

96 Reime B, Schuecking BA, Wenzlaff P. Perinatal outcomes of teenage pregnancies according to gravidity and obstetric history. Annals of Epidemiology 2004;14(8):619-619 [ Study Population: German women]http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=3DGatewayURL&_method=3DcitationSearch&_uoikey=3DB6T44-4D8V8F5-2R&_origin=3DSDEMFRASCII&_version=3D1&md5=3De73601c4adf512cbb49d79b556183ab7

!!+97 Ancel PY, Lelong N, Papiernik E, Saurel-Cubizolles MJ, Kaminski M. History of induced abortion as a risk factor for preterm birth in European countries: results of EUROPOP survey. Human Repro 2004; 19(3): 734-740. [ Study Population: from ten (10) countries: Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Scotland, Slovenia ]

98 Umeora OUJ, Ande ABA, Onuh SO, Okubor PO, Mbazor JO. Incidence and risk factors for preterm delivery in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. J Obstetrics Gynaecology Nov. 2004; 24(8):895-896 [Study Population: Nigerian women ]

!!+99 Moreau C, Kaminski M, Ancel PY, Bouyer J, et al. Previous induced abortions and the risk of very preterm delivery: results of the EPIPAGE study. British J Obstetrics Gynaecology 2005;112(4):430-437 [France] [abstract online: www.blackwell-synergy.com/ links/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2004.00478.x/abs/ ; Study Population: French women ]

100 Conde-Agudelo A, Belizan JM, Breman R, Brockman SC, Rosas-Bermudez. Effect of the interpregnancy interval after an abortion on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America. Int J Gynaecol & Obstet 2005;89 (Supp. 1):S34-S40. [ Study Population: from Latin American countries ]

!!101 Stang P, Hammond AO, Bauman P. Induced Abortion Increases the Risk of Very Preterm Delivery; Results from a Large Perinatal Database. Fertility Sterility Sept 2005;S159 [ Study Population: German women ]

102 Etuk SJ, Etuk IS, Oyo-Ita AE. Factors Influencing the Incidence of Pre-term Birth in Calabar, Nigeria. Nigerian J Physiological Sciences 2005;20(1-2):63-68 [ Study Population: Nigerian women ]

103 Poikkens P. Unkila-Kallio L, Vilska S, Repokari L. et al. Impact of Infertility Characteristics and treatment modalities on singleton pregnancies after assisted reproduction. Reproductive Tiomed July 2006;13(1):135-144 [ Study Population: Finnish women ]

104 Samin A, Al-Dabbagh, Wafa Y Al-Taee. Risk factors for preterm birth in Iraq: a case-control study. Pregnancy and Childbirth. BMC 2006;6:13 [ Study Population: women in Iraq ]

105 K.K. Roy, Jinee Baruah, Sunesh Kumar, Neena Malhotra, A.K. Deorari, J.B. Sharma. Maternal Antenatal Profile and Immediate Neonatal Outcome in VLBW and ELBW Babies. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2006;73(8):669-673 [Study Population: Indian women in India]

!!106 Smith GCS, Shah I, White IR, Pell JP, Crossley JA, Dobbie R. Maternal and biochemical predictors of spontaneous preterm birth among nulliparous women: a systematic analysis in relation to degree of prematurity. Intl J Epidem 2006;35(5):1169-1177 [ Study Population: Scottish women ]

107 Teramoto S, Soeda A, Hayashi Y, Urashima M. Physical and socioeconomic predictors of birth weight in Japan. Pediatrics International 2006;48(3):274-277

108 Briunsma F, Lumley J, Tan J, Quinn M. Precancerous changes in the cervix and risk of subsequent preterm birth. BJOG Jan. 2007;114(1):70-80 { Study Population: Australian women ]

109 Jackson JE, Grobman WA, Haney E, Casele H. Mid-trimester dilation and evacuation with laminaria does not increase the risk for severe subsequent pregnancy complications. Intl J Gynecol Obstet 2007;96:12-15 [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

110 Chung-Chin Lo, Jenn-Jeih Hsu, Ching-Chang Hsieh, T’sang-T-sang Hsieh, Tai-Ho Hung. Risk Factors For Spontaneous Preterm Delivery Before 34 Weeks of Gestation Among Taiwanese Women. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2007;46(4):389-394 [ Study Population: Taiwanese women ]

111 Curry AE, Vogel I, Drews C, Schendel D, Skogstrand K, et al. Mid-pregnancy maternal plasma levels of interleukin 2, 6, and 12, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and spontaneous preterm delivery. Acta Obstectica et Gynecologica 2007:86:1103-1110 [ Study Population: Danish women ]

112* Brown TS, Adera T, Masho SW. Previous abortion and the risk of low birth weight and preterm births. J Epidemiol Commun Health 2008;62:16-22 [Study Population: U.S. women ]

113 Reime B, Schuecking BA, Wenzlaff P. Reproductive Outcomes in Adolescents Who Had a Previous Birth or an Induced Abortion Compared to Adolescents’ First Pregnancies. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008;8:4 [ Study Population: German women ]

!!+114 Voigt M, Olbertz D, Fusch C, Krafczyk D. Briese V, Schneider KT. The infuluence of previous pregnancy terminations, miscarriages, and still-birth on the incidence of babies with low birth weight and premature births as well as somatic classication of newborns. Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2008;212:5-12 [Study Population: German women ]

115* Sareer Badshah, Linda Mason, Kenneth McKelvie, Roger Payne, Paulo JG Lisboa. Risk factors for low birthweight in the public-hospitals at Peshawar NWFP-Pakistan 2008;8:197-206 [ Study Population: Pakistani women ]

116 Visintine J, Berghella V, Henning D, Baxter J. Cervical length for prediction of preterm birth in women with multiple prior induced abortions. Ultrasound Obstetrics Gynecology 2008;31(2):198-200 [ Study Population: U.S. women ]

117 Freak-Poli R, Chan A, Gaeme J, Street J. Previous abortion and risk of preterm birth: a population study. J Maternal-Fetal Med Jan. 2009; 22(1):1-7 [ Study Population: Australian women ]

118 Voigt M, Henrich W, Zygmunt M, Friese K, Straube S, Briese V. Is induced abortion a risk factor in subsequent pregnancy? Journal Perinatal Medicine 2009;37:144-149 [ Study Population: German women ] 2010-2019

119 Yuan W, Duffner AM, Chen L, Hunt LP, Sellers SM, Bernal AL. Analysis of preterm deliveries below 35 weeks’ gestation in a tertiary hospital in the UK. A case-control survey.. BMC Research Notes 2010;3:119

120+ Watson LF, Rayner J-A, King J, Jolley D, Forster D, Lumley J. Modelling prior reproductive history to improve predication of risk for very preterm birth. Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiology 2010;24:402-415

121+ Watson LF, Rayner J-A, King J, Jolley D, Forster D, Lumley J. Modelling sequence of prior pregnancies on subsequent risk of very preterm birth. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2010;24:416-423

122 Ammar M Alfadhli, Ali M Hajia, Farida AK Mohammed, Hamdiya A Alfadhli, Medhat K El-Shazly. Incidence and Potential Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight Among Full Term Deliveries 2010;46(2):157-164 [Study Population: Kuwaiti women]


The following is a significant APB study but is not part of the ‘official’ list above since it involves predominantly ‘illegal’ induced abortions:

Okonofus FE, Onwudiegwu U, Odutayo R. Pregnancy outcomes after illegal induced abortions in Nigeria: a retrospective referenced historical study. Africa J Med Science 1994;23:165-169

* studies that included spontaneous and induced abortions but did not report PTB/LBW risk separately for each

+ studies that found dose/response (the more SIAs, the higher the risk)

For further information: Brent Rooney (MSc),  Research Director, Reduce Preterm Risk Coalition 3456 Dunbar St. (Suite 146) Vancouver, Canada V6S 2C2.  Email: fullterm40@gmail.com or web:http://www.jpands.org/vol13no4/rooney.pdf

Lawrence J. Fenton. Pediatric Palliative Care Sanford Children’s Hospital, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. 31 March 2011